Colorations and Regional Names at Berlin Tumblers
beginning of the organized fancy pigeon breeding there were
regionally very different names for individual pigeon colors, some
of which are still familiar today. In some colors, the designation
has changed over time. Some color terms are also ambiguous and apply
to genetically different types.
In the Berlin
tumbler breeds one called in the old literature like Schachtzabel
1910, Klein 1920 and the Book of Pigeon Standards from 1926 the
magpies of the ‘Berliner Lange’ (Berlin Long Beaked Tumblers), Bunte
'. The name ‘Bunte’ for magpies is also common in the fancy today.
The magpies do not breed true and split up into magpies, colored
with white flights and bull eyed whites. The colored with white
wings are called ‘Schwingige’ what simple means ‘white flights =
Fig. 1: Cover of the monograph of
Erich Klein on Berlin Tumblers from 1920 and Berlin Long Beaked
Tumbler blue magpie (in Berlin called Bunte)
and bright blue
In the color
'Blaubunte' of the ‘Berlin Lange’ (blue magpies), there was formerly
the addition 'dark blue' to describe better the color. Since 1954,
the addition has been replaced by 'dark steel blue'. For the Berlin
Long-Muffed Tumbler with the magpie pied marking, which was also
called 'Vogtländer', there were in the Standard from 1926 only
‘blue’ listed without another distinction. In the Standard of 1954 a
distinction is made between a lighter and a dark blue. Blue should
have a dark blue steel, the light blue a very delicate ice color.
Fig. 2: Berlin Long Muffed White
Tail Tumbler at Erich Klein (1920), Berlin Long Muffed bright blue
magpie tumbler at the German National Pigeon Show Leipzig 2017
to the ice color is misleading and may be explained by the lack of
knowledge at that time. Ice is a different color, namely of the ice-colored
Polish Long-Beaked Tumbler, genetically the genetic factor ice. Also
to speak of 'light blue' is misleading, because the term is used in
other breeds, such as the Field Color Pigeons, for the class of blue
Dominant Opal. In the Standard of 2002 is no longer spoken of the
"soft ice color", but for the lighter variety correctly from
uniformly bright blue in contrast to the uniform dark blue.
listed in some standards to be synonymous with ice color
Standard of 2002, at Berlin Long Muffed Tumbler also the coloration
'silver' is listed though they seem not to exist in reality. Silver
is to be understood as 'ice colored'. From the Standard it is, as
well as in the German Long-Beaked Tumbler, in which, silver 'without
description also appears, not recognizable. Where the term 'silver'
comes from in the Berlin breeds becomes obvious from Erich Klein. In
his monograph on the Berlin Tumblers (1920), he does not understand
the bright blue magpies as an independent color class with a bright
blue (p. 45). He erroneously considered them as yet not ideally
colored ice as in the color of Galizier ‘Silver Magpies’. That was
the name of the today Polish Long-Beaked Ice Magpie Tumblers (Galizier
Fig. 3: Polish Long Beaked Tumbler
magpie ice and magie pearl (brown ice)
medium-beaked tumblers of that time, the today's Berlin short beaked
tumblers, ‘silver-magpies’ (Silberbunte) are stated to have existed.
The silver according to Klein was so delicate that it was barely
perceptible to the head and neck. They were very rare, the last pair
he remembered to have seen 1904. It was shown by the exhibitor
Schenck = Berlin on the show of the Cypria club. The drawing of a
'silver-colored' Berlin Short Beaked Magpie is reproduced in the
‘Illustrierte Prachtwerk’ by Schachtzabel 1910.
Fig. 4: Berlin Short Beaked
Tumbler at a figure at Schachtzabel 1910. Copper, isabel magpie,
blue bar, ice-colored magpie (silberbunt), red barred ash red
grizzle (rotstreifig), yellow barred ash yellow grizzle (gelbstreifig)
and blue bar grizzle (blaueulig)
As may be
seen at the ice colored magpie color classes of some breeds
sometimes last longer in the standard than in reality. However, if a
color class still appears in the standard today, then it would be
good if it is clearly stated what breeders and judges should
blue - Pearlescent
ones used formerly to be called 'silver' and today in a direct
translation 'blue-mealy' (blaufahl). In the Berlin Tumbler breeds,
they are traditionally called Pearl. The name is not without
problems, because the Polish Long-Beaked Tumblers also have a class
called pearl, however for ice-colored on a brown-bar basis (Fig. 3
at the right).
Fig. 5: Berlin Short Beaked
Tumbler pearl (dilute blue) und Berlin Long Muffed Tubler pearl
magpie at the National German Pigeon Show 2017 in Leipzig
want to breed ice Berlin Tumblers in the color of Polish Long Beaked
Tumblers do not improve the color of light blues or pearls but
breeds another coloration. After crosses it is sometimes hard to
decide at the cages of Berlin Tumblers as well as at Polish Long
Beaked Tumblers whether genetically ice brown-bar or dilute blue.
In the Berlin
tumbler breeds dilute brown bars (khaki bars) are called Isabel.
Klein describes the color as a very delicate, fragrant cream, in the
selfs with yellow-brown bars (p. 26, 45).
Fig. 6: Berlin Short Beaked
Tumbler isabel und Berlin Long Muffed Tumbler isabel magpie
they differ from the Isabel of Saxon and Brunner pouters who are
Dominant Opal. Prütz describes those as an intermediate of yellow
and red, "while so light and pale that it only appears as if
touched" and the white bars are barely recognizable.
Klein, Erich, Berliner Tümmler,
Prachtwerk sämtlicher Tauben-Rassen.
Pigeon Genetics. Applied Genetics in the Domestic Pigeon, Achim
und Jana, Taubenfärbungen, Colourations in the Domestic Pigeon,